Ii, i provide a brief review of the literature related to the retelling strategy, and examine the important concepts which retelling shares with the reading process, and the advantages and possible merits of retelling for l2 learners. For some instructional purposes one or the other item types may prove more efficient and appropriate to begin out discussion of the relative merits of each type of test item, test your knowledge of these two item types by answering the following questions. Here are some issues related to phonics instruction for ells, with discussion of their implications: systematic phonics instruction can be very effective in helping ells, even those at fairly low levels of language proficiency, learn to decode words. Some teachers focus on showing students how phrases add rich detail to sentences other teachers find that sentence diagrams help students see the organization of sentences some use grammar metaphors (the sentence, for example, as a bicycle, with the subject as the front wheel and the predicate as the back. The reading comprehension pretests and posttests was taken twelve of the fourteen sixth grade students demonstrated improvement in the reading comprehension scores.
The theories are treated in four parts: a short historical introduction, a discussion of the view of knowledge presupposed by the theory, an account of how the theory treats learning and student motivation, and, finally, an overview of some of the instructional methods promoted by the theory is presented. Reading comprehension practice test questions 1 through 7 refer to the following passage: in the 16th century, an age of great marine and terrestrial exploration, ferdinand magellan led the first expedition to sail around the world. The students know how to do the math, they just don't understand what the question is asking the thing i don't like about this new series is the way the problems are stated they're hard for the students to get what to do the reading level is too hard for the students i have to simplify, to.
The members of a group are absorbed into a culture and lose characteristics of the first culture the group is willing or forced to accept the surface and deep culture of the new culture and give up original culture. Esl- english as a second language aysha bey in my years of dealing with esl or efl, most students have both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation to learn english. Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the interrelation between linguistic factors and psychological aspects it also studies psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, comprehend and produce language.
14 analysis and adaptation of an esl reading and vocabulary textbook (a) vocabulary: the students may find it helpful to look back at the reading or at the vocabulary exercise in section 2 in order to complete this vocabulary exercise. Reading rockets is a national multimedia project that o ffers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better our reading resources assist parents, teachers, and other educators in helping struggling readers build fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills. 1 theories of esl literacy instruction there are a number of theories about esl acquisition and esl literacy acquisition these theories focus on different ideas of how people best learn literacy in an additional language.
Critical reading means that a reader applies certain processes, models, questions, and theories that result in enhanced clarity and comprehension there is more involved, both in effort and understanding, in a critical reading than in a mere skimming of the text. This paper explores reading theories and practices for efl/esl learners, and in particular, reading practices from a theoretical framework of metacognition schwartz and. Fact that some individuals experience reading comprehension difﬁculties the nature and origins of reading comprehension difﬁculties, ho wever, are not so clear the aim of this chapter is to review what is known about reading comprehension difﬁ.
The praxis® study companion 2 welcome to the praxis® study companion welcome to the praxis® study companion prepare to show what you know you have been working to acquire the knowledge and skills you need for your teaching career. Article aims to describe principal theories o f reading and examine some tips and reading oth er related materials, including english as a second language (esl) or english as a foreign. A critical analysis paper asks the writer to make an argument about a particular book, essay, movie, etc the goal is two fold: one, identify and explain the argument that the author is making, and two. In these reading comprehension worksheets, students are asked questions about information they have read about a specific topic each passage reads similar to a newspaper of journal article, and provides interesting information about some aspect of history, nature, mechanics, science, art, and more.
This article is in two parts the first part will look at some of the shifts and trends in theories relating to reading the second part will examine tips and guidelines for implementing a theory of reading which will help to develop our learners' abilities. The following literature review is an analysis of the relationship of vocabulary instruction, reading comprehension, and student retention vocabulary can affect.
Reading literature, then, enhances your critical reading skills likewise, being able to write about literature demonstrates your ability to read critically and engage in the higher level thinking skills of analysis and. On planning for close reading & text-dependent questions, in the tools and exemplars section of this resource provides a synopsis of shanahan's approach in close reading, teachers minimally introduce the text with the goal that students read and make sense of what the. The literature in english test contains questions on poetry, drama, biography, the essay, the short some questions are based i literary analysis (40-55%.